Can you get pregnant on your period?Very often women tend to believe that they do not run any risk of becoming pregnant during the period of their menstrual cycle, supported in this thought by the belief that ovulation begins, starting the fertile days, from the fourteenth day of menstruation. We all know the sad reality behind our menstrual cycle, completely different from what the commercials show us! It is indeed true that menstruation is a period in which the woman does not ovulate, because in the normal cycle ovulation occurs halfway between the beginning of a menstruation and the beginning of the next menstruation, but in practical terms ovulation on the fourteenth day of the menstrual cycle is a likely event (and not safe) only if you have a regular cycle of 28 days, with a luteal phase of 14 days: each woman is unique and about 50% of cycles varies from 7 days or more. And yet, even in these situations it can always happen, for some reason, to ovulate before or after the scheduled days. No woman therefore has the mathematical certainty of knowing when she will ovulate.
How can we therefore acquire the certainty of not being in the fertile days?
How to make a calculation of fertile days
The mathematical certainty of having ovulated can only be obtained through an ultrasound scan that highlights the corpus luteum, the temporary endocrine gland whose main function is to produce progesterone and, in smaller quantities, estrogen, and whose formation occurs during the luteinic phase of the menstrual cycle: this is the only “tangible” sign of ovulation. A widely used method to have a calculation of fertile days is, for example, that of Ogino-Knaus, whose use is very simple: just enter the date of the last menstruation and the average length of the menstrual cycle.
However, this calculator must actually be used exclusively for the search for a pregnancy, since the calendar indicates the days in which conception is most likely, and is all the more accurate as the menstrual cycle is more regular. Unprotected intercourse during the days indicated as infertile does not preclude the possibility of Becoming pregnant. Therefore, in order to verify if you are actually ovulating on the days indicated by the calculator, you can use other combined methods such as the basal temperature, cervical mucus analysis, ovulation sticks. Or you can use traditional calculation tools for fertile days, used precisely to avoid unwanted pregnancies, such as Persona monitors.
Is it possible to ovulate during the menstrual cycle?
During menstruation, of course, it is not possible to observe cervical mucus, as it mixes with normal blood loss. When the ovulatory phase begins, there is an increase in the level of oestrogen – an increase that anticipates the peak of LH, the luteinizing hormone, which occurs a few hours before ovulation. This increase is generally visible, because, observing it, we could see that the cervical mucus gradually becomes more and more streamlined and elastic, as the values in the circulation increase.
However, if the estrogen level is raised while we are menstrating, it is practically impossible to notice it by examining the mucus precisely because of the loss of blood. For this reason we cannot feel “sheltered” from possible pregnancies, and if we have unprotected relationships in this situation, they could considerably increase the chances of getting pregnant even in days that we thought were not fertile; indeed, the chances tend to increase even after ovulation, given the survival of spermatozoa in the woman’s body for a period ranging from 3 to 5 days (although the latter hypothesis is quite rare).
This happens thanks to (or because of) the increase in oestrogen: the cervical mucus, in fact, produces substances that are able to feed and survive the sperm in the glandular crypts of the neck of the uterus, waiting to go to the mature egg. Therefore, if you want to be sure of completely avoiding the danger of an unwanted pregnancy, it is absolutely important and necessary to always have protected relationships for the entire period before ovulation, and for the following three days after you are sure it has occurred.
Getting pregnant during the cycle is rare but possible.
In theory it is not possible, but in practice things change because the menstrual cycles of women have different durations and do not correspond exactly to 28 days, so the calculation of ovulation may vary depending on the case. Let’s find out why if you have your period you can get pregnant anyway, despite what you are saying, and what are the possible symptoms of pregnancy during the cycle. Of course, getting pregnant with menstrual flow is not common, but rather an exception: if you are looking for a child, perhaps you might be interested in our in-depth analysis that explains how to get pregnant, which lists the best methods, natural and ‘particular’ that can facilitate conception.
Getting pregnant immediately after the cycle
Can you get pregnant right after your cycle? Yes, it is possible especially in women with a shorter cycle, where ovulation occurs up to 5 days after the cycle. In fact, the sperm can survive in the tubes for this period of time. Therefore, interrupted coitus is not useful to avoid pregnancy, whether it is practiced during menstruation or immediately afterwards.
Can become pregnant before the cycle
Also in this case the answer is affirmative because if the cycle has an irregular duration, the ovulation can vary a lot and occur even 2-3 days before the arrival of menstruation. Therefore, you can certainly get pregnant the day before the cycle and also during the first day of the cycle.
Getting pregnant during the cycle: symptoms
When fertility begins during menstruation, it is practically impossible to notice because the cervical mucus mixes with blood loss. Even if the mucus during ovulation becomes more streamlined and elastic, due to the increase in estrogen, blood loss during menstruation does not allow the woman to recognize it. Therefore it is always advisable to have protected relationships and consult the gynaecologist in case of doubt.